Posts Tagged ‘Goa’

Origins of Goa:

January 22, 2009

We have the famous Parashuram legend of the creation of Goa. According to tradition, Parashuram, the sixth incarnation of Vishnu ,  travelled from the north and reached the Sahyadris, stood atop it and shot an arrow into the sea. The sea is believed to have been upto the base of the Sahyadris. The arrow is supposed to have fallen at the point where Benaulim (or Bana-halli) (ban meaning arrow and halli is village) is and Parashuram ordered the sea to recede,  and, thus, the land of Goa came into being. It is in this legend that myth, history and geology have fused together. When we sift through this theory, the geological history of Goa comes to the surface and the myth starts fading. Parashuram might have been a historical figure who had brought ninety-six (Shannav, which got corrupted to Shenvi or Shenoi) Gaud Sarawat families to Goa. Of these sixty-six Gaud Saraswat families were settled in Shashtti (Salcette) where Shashastth is sixty-six and thirty Gaud Saraswati families settled on the island of Tiswadi (Wadi or area where thirty GSB families settled). This,. being the historicity of the Parashuram theory, the rest can be interpreted by studying the geological history of Goa. According to geologists, Goa was part of the huge plateau called Gondwanaland, about 100 million years ago,  and was lying submerged under the sea. The Geology Department of Dhempe College, Panjim, Goa,  has a mini-museum of our rich rock heritage.

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Mhozo Nirop

January 19, 2009

V.Ixtt-achea Omrut Utsova (1932-2007) somoim hanv Devak dhin’vastam, tech borabor sogllea sompadpeancho ugddas kortam.Odik-korn tamnni mhaka borounk ut’tejan dilam, ani boro vavr kela.

Lhanoch astona, hem satollem-potr hanvem vachunk suru kelam.Mhoji Avoi tem vhoddlea tallean vachtali. “Vauraddeancho Ixtt” to az Somestancho Ixtt vortota. Vachun-vachun ani xikun, Konknnicho borovpi ani mogi zalom. Khub lekh Konknni ani Portugez vibhagamni hanvem boroileat.Tea adim mhojea Bapain, Xikxok Bernardino da Conceição Souza, hannem bholaike vexim ani ier vixoiancher Konknnint ani Portugejint lekh boroileat.Pri.Crescencio Francisco Monteiro-hannem mhaka Sallganvche Sim’narint Konknni xikoilea.Hem xikop hanvem V.Ixtt-a vorvim chalu dovorlea. Osli mhoji soirigot hea satollea-potra kodde, dekhun az hanv kuxal. Sobhar lekham vorvim vachpi aplem jivit grestaitat. Fuddarak V.Ixtt odhik palevum ani follevum mhonn hanv ast ballgitam.

Pri. Ivo da Conceição Souza (Povitr Atmeache Firgojent, Moddganv, Goem 403601).

Bhorvanso

January 19, 2009

*Fr.Ivo da Conceição SOUZA

(Povitr Atmeache Firgojent, Moddganv)

Prostavna: Az bhorvanxea xivai jiyeunk zaina. Jivitachem vozonn chodd zalam, jiyeunk bhov kotthin-moskil zalam.

1.1: Aichea sonvsarant zaiti niraxa asa. Khub tornnattim aplo jiv-prann diunk sodhtat, kiteak jivit ovhghodd zalam, tancheamni sosunk zaina. Novim kazaream vikh gheun aplo jiv kaddunk sodhtat, kiteak lognachem jivit tankam thoddeach disamni vo mhoineamni ovghodd lagta.

1.2: Konn amkam pavtolo? Konn amkam ghottai-buzvonn ditolo? Amam somestank such-sontos zai. Disan’dis ami tharav ghetat, sukhachea margar amim tankunk sodhtat. Ponn sobhar pavttim ami goirsomozant jieytat ani chukichem panvl martat. Hea velar amkam sukhachi vatt chukta.

1.3: Jezu amkam jivit diunk aila (Ju 10:10). To amkam uxir rosto, khursacho rosto dakhoita (polle Lk 14:27).

2.1: Povitr-sobhek sodanch addkholli asleot, dumallo ani piddapidd mell’leat.

2.2: Amkam-i toxench ovghodd jivit mellta. Ponn amcho hetu mhollear such ani khorem-niz dadhosponn dita, toslem jivit.

2.3: Amchea bhurgeank hem jivit tankunk adhar diunk favo. Tankam sovloti diunk zai, ponn allsayen jiyeunk diunk favona. Grestkayechi puja korum nozo (polle (Lk 16:13).

3.1: Xallent amchea bhurgeamni mannsugi ani rit-rovis xikunk favo.

3.2: Ghorant tankam avoibapaimani bori dekh diunk zai.

3.3: Mon’xancho Zobab koslo zait? Bhorvanso mhollear amcho jivitacho rosto.

Sompadnni: Sorvxevttim, niraxi amim zaunk favona, ponn Jezun dhorla, toch rosto dhorun Bapache vengent ami pavum-ia…

AN UNKNOWN FREEDOM FIGHTER

January 19, 2009

We do remember our freedom fighters. Each one of them has done a lot for the liberation of Goa. I have come to know about one of them who has remained unknown, though he has been living as a man for others.

Professor Carlos da Cruz was a man of character, dedicated, sincere, selfless, who fought for the human rights till his death. He was a man of silence, but a man of action: silent action. He continued to live in silence in the memory of our people. He was a man of calibre. Even stones should be telling about the moral greatness of this man. Carlos Luís Martinho Nazário da Cruz was born on July 28, 1907 in Chandor (Chandrapur), Salsete, Goa. His parents were João Napoleão Víctor da Cruz and Amélia Ritinha Clara Lobo e Cruz. He excelled in several fields: he was a professor/teacher, journalist, freedom fighter, selfless social worker. It is interesting to know about his life so that our youth may emulate him.

He studied in the National Lyceum of Panjim (Nova Goa). He was not allowed to finish his studies, because he revealed his independence of spirit. He completed his Escola Normal and did the examination of law, without having finished the 5th year of Lyceum. He was clever and passed his exams with flying colours. He was sent to the backward village of Arambol, where he toiled and moiled for the poor people. He started a night school for the workers. It was the first night school in Goa. He taught them human rights and etiquette. He was writing constructive articles for journals. He was sending articles for «Anglo-Lusitano», but they were not published. Then he began his own paper «Oriente» and continued to fight against injustice perpetrated by the Portuguese Government aginst Goan people. He was transferred to Silvassa, capital of the district of Dadra and Nagar-Haveli (which was belonging to the Portuguese till 1954). He continued to teach and impart the knowledge of the Portuguese language and culture to the simple people. He observed inhuman conditions of the people and worked for them. The people were adivasis, indigenous and primitive. There was a lot of corruption there. He began publishing another journal «Sandalcado», under the name of a river that flows between Great Daman and Small Daman. He was dismissed from the service, nonetheless he continued to work and to fight for the rights. He was imprisoned by Portuguese authorities twelve times, he was really a “saviour” for those people. He came to know other Goan revolutionaries, like Dr.Tristão Bragança Cunha, and became an active member of the Committee of the Goa Congress. He was also in contact with the nationalist leaders like Ram Manohar Lohia. He was writing to Jawaharlal Nehru on political events of Goa. On August 2, 1954, Nagar-Haveli was liberated and became part and parcel of India. The Government of India named him Public Prosecutor of Nagar-Aveli. Even in this post he worked for the uplift of the adivasis.

He died suddenly at the tender age of 51 years, after a brief illness, on August 25 of 1958. While he was ill, he heard the National Anthem and got up from the bed and gave one rupee for his burial. He died poor without leaving one pie. He devoted himself for the uplift of the masses.